Amy Caffarella

Amy Caffarella, Senior Compliance and Sustainability Consultant

Amy Caffarella has a bachelor’s degree in meteorology with a concentration in air quality from Penn State University, and recently completed her master’s degree in sustainable engineering (environmental sustainability track) from Villanova University.  Amy has more than ten years of environmental consulting experience, with a focus on air quality permitting, compliance, air dispersion modeling, and sustainability.

Amy provides air quality and sustainability consulting services to industrial clients nationwide, including regulatory agency compliance, permitting, and air dispersion modeling.  She has led project teams responsible for the development of air permits and regulatory applicability determinations for a variety of industries, including pharmaceuticals; pulp and paper; chemical manufacturing; asphalt plants; industrial laundry; printing and surface coating; medical device manufacturing; secondary aluminum smelting; food and beverage; landfills; power generation; cement; brick; and lead-acid battery manufacturing and recycling. These projects included original Title V permit applications and renewals, synthetic minor permit applications, state permit-to-install applications for facility modifications, and compliance auditing.  She routinely supports clients in emission evaluations, compliance assessments, agency negotiations, and greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting.

Amy also serves on the Board of Directors of the Society of Women Environmental Professionals (SWEP) of Greater Philadelphia.  The listing below captures some key aspects of those showcase projects where the results of her work were the most valuable.

Previous Work Experience:

Air Quality Program Management  – Managed air quality program for a chocolate manufacturer, including managing and developing their Title V Monitoring, Recordkeeping and Reporting system,  calculating facility wide emissions, conducting monthly Title V compliance audits, submitting all annual and semi-annual emission and compliance reports, developing and submitting permit renewal and construction permit applications, anticipating facility developments, and provided on-site training on applicable air quality permitting and regulatory requirements.

Air Permitting and Compliance Prepared air permit applications for an industrial laundry company’s facilities on the East Coast (over 40 locations) to cap volatile organic compound (VOC) and hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions at the minor source levels with regard to Title V permitting.  The permitting work included shop towel laundering activities as well as other air emitting sources/activities (boilers, emergency engines, water heaters) at the facilities to ensure that the permit issued is all inclusive.  The scope of work included site visits to each location, emission calculations, preparation of permit applications, regulatory applicability analyses, dispersion modeling, negotiations with state agencies, air permit review, and compliance tool development.

Landfill Remediation Air Support In support of a remediation project, provided air dispersion modeling services for a landfill for volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from the soil vapor extraction (SVE) system.  The AERMOD modeling was conducted based on the air dispersion modeling requirements specified in the New York State Department of Conservation (NYSDEC) Division of Air Resource-1 (DAR-1) and Guidelines on Dispersion Modeling Procedures for Air Quality Impact Analysis (DAR-10) guidance.  Regularly held meetings and produced reports and tables to communicate results with the Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs).  The results were also used to reduce the frequency of carbon change-outs for the landfill’s control device.  Effectively worked with NYSDEC and EPA Region 1 staff and provided the results in report form, including all modeling input and output files.

PSD Permitting/Modeling During the development of the proposed natural gas-fired combined cycle power plant, the air emission calculations indicated that the facility was subject to PSD review for NO2, CO, PM10, PM2.5, VOC, H2SO4 and greenhouse gases.  The PSD review for this facility included developing air modeling input files for NAAQS and Increment modeling utilizing emission inventory data from three regulatory agencies, interpreting air modeling output files for the development of the modeling report for agency submittal, and providing assistance during the agency review.

Odor Assessment To estimate the impacts of odors beyond the property line of the proposed batch asphalt plant and compare them to published compound thresholds listed in the local ordinances.  AERSCREEN was run for each potential odor source for Hot Mix Asphalt Plants including the natural gas-fired stone dryer with fabric filter, silo filling, silo load-out, fugitive yard emissions, and asphalt tank emissions.  The modeling results were then compared against the odor thresholds to determine compliance with the township odor ordinance.  The analysis also included determining the impacts at and beyond the property line ranging from approximately 150 feet to 1,000 feet from the sources.

Climate Registry GHG Inventories and Reporting Completed emission inventories and reported GHG emissions via the Climate Registry according to U.S. EPA’s Climate Leaders guidance for multiple years.  The Climate Registry is a unified registry with transparent standards for calculating, verifying and publicly reporting greenhouse gas emissions for businesses and governments in North America.  Reporting included Scope 1 (direct emissions from stationary combustion and mobile combustion), Scope 2 (indirect emissions from electricity use, heating, and cooling), and Scope 3 (indirect emissions from business travel and employee commuting/vehicle miles traveled).

Air Monitoring System Installation, Startup, and Calibration   Assisted with the installation of a SO2 monitoring station, 10-meter meteorological monitoring tower, and data logger near pulp and paper mill.  Responsible for quarterly calibration of meteorological sensors and SO2 sampling system

for the duration of the multiyear monitoring program.  Assisted with the development of sampling plan and quarterly reports in order to meet consent decree requirements.

Expert Witness Testimony Retained by a law firm to provide expert testimony on behalf of an asphalt manufacturing plant.  Qualified as an expert air quality meteorologist and provided testimony regarding asphalt plant odors and air dispersion modeling.

Key Publications
Presentations –

“Odors: An Introduction, Sampling Techniques and Legal Considerations,” Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, June 2016, Amy Pack Caffarella and Kaitlyn R. Maxwell (Greenberg Traurig LLP).


Society of Women Environmental Professionals of Greater Philadelphia, Director

Air and Waste Management Association, Delaware Valley Chapter

American Meteorological Society

Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society

Chi Epsilon Pi Honor Society